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Kanza Territory

Page history last edited by Bob-RJ Burkhart 12 years, 1 month ago Saved with comment

Return to Freedom's Frontier Forum ... GPSurvey Cites .... InterDependence ... Kansan Glacial Impact Zones ...


AGR-iTourism  ... Lost Legends (of) La Flecha ... MindShifting ... Taos Topo Trail Maps ...  VisualThesarus


Blanton's Wakarusa Crossing Eco-History Mystery

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Mahalo for sharing your insights

on David Dary's Kanzana (1854-1900) bibliography.

(A) As Praire Passage Eco-Futurist/geoWIZard,

I SEEK diverse perspectives on Cimarron Cutoff ... Trails-n-Tales(cc)

Ross Marshal & Tristan Smith recycled regional thinkLets about plains people & places plus media-driven ... attitude shifts.


(B) Our Landscape Architecture Getty Grant

enables reframing KU Campus Watersheds where the Oregon Trail crosses Mount Oread.

This effort to preserve and protect natural history heritage memes creates Digital Jaywalker(cc) ... Learn & Share opportunities ...


(C) The Westport-Lawrence Road (aka California Road)

>> was traveled by people such as John Fremont who were heading to California. Although it was shorter than the Independence or Westport Routes, it was somewhat more difficult. Emigrant traffic started on the Westport-Lawrence Road in 1849 and continued in popularity for years. After 1854, it became a heavily used road from Westport to Lawrence in the Kansas Territorial period. <<


(D) Donated a KU Continuing Education (KUCE)

stipend to the Haskell Indian Nations University Library for acquiring a copy of David Dary's Kanzana so that KVHA-StreamLink/UWW can facilitate OCTA-Trails precision navigation workshops co-sponsored by DOI/USNPS GIS.

Also see i4CQuest-Keywords: USFS USNPS GIS DOI Tribes Wildfire Wilderness


(E) ESRI Agri/Geotourism :: OKF1RST Presponse

... Mindshifting: Group Decision Support Simulators (GDSS)


NOAA AHPS: Besides these cooperating agencies and partners of NWS, local and state emergency managers, city officials, and others work with us in dealing with problems arising from weather and hydrology related events



The new OK-FIRST web page and WeatherScope

software was released Thursday April 12.


Choctaw Amateur Radio Club - K5CAR Choctaw ARC

The Choctaw Amateur Radio Club, an ARRL affiliated club, meets the 3rd Monday of each month ...


WeatherScope is updated frequently.

When a new version is available, you are notified by a dialog box.

To download the newest version, please go to the web site,


Maps for Journalists

Southern California Wildfires—October, 2006

Hawaii (Offshore) Earthquake—October, 2006

Southern California Wildfires—July, 2006

Hurricanes Katrina and Rita August–September, 2005  


1889 Hornaday Extermination of American Bison

... and inhospitable country stretching southward from the Cimarron country

... The American mammals, collected by Mr. Hornaday, will be mounted ...


Cimarron Council, BSA - Eagle Scouts Advancement

Camping. Camp Facilities. Commissioners. Council Info.

Districts. Eagle Scouts. Events. For Scouts Only. Forms. Giving. Good Turn ...


The Cimarron Council was formed in the summer of 2000 through a consolidation

of the former Great Salt Plains Council and the former Will Rogers Council

to provide better service to the communities, youth, and units of the new council.


Hornaday Award Weekend

Capitol Area Council, Alamo Area Council,

Bay Area Council, Cimarron Council, Circle Ten Council

... Hornaday BSA. All Rights Reserved. Site by GlideDesign.com


Kansas Kaleidoscope by Topic

Kansas Territory · Kansas Town Names · Kansas-Nebraska Act ·

Kanza Indians · Kanza Indians · Kids Clothes · Kids Voting Kansas ...


Pathfinder Passports(cc) Freedom's Frontier

· Kansas Territory: Frontier Military Scenic Byway

... Old Santa Fe Trail :: Cimarron Cutoff Eco-Futures Forum (EFF) ...

geoventuring-lnt.blogspot.com/search/label/watershed ...


Pathfinder Passports(cc): Old Santa Fe Trail :: Cimarron Cutoff

... Old Santa Fe Trail :: Cimarron Cutoff Eco-Futures Forum (EFF).

Dispatches From Kansas by Tom Parker ... Also previw GeoVenturing-LNT Calendar ...



E-Learning and Distance Education's Top Illustrations

History and Future of Course Authoring/Management Technologies

and Virtual Learning Environments ...


Civil War History Books

The Second Georgia Infantry Regiment · Bleeding Kansas: Contested Liberty in the

... Black Flag Over Dixie: Racial Atrocities and Reprisals in the Civil War ...



[Miscellaneous Items.] He was quite broken down by his ride for life from the Cimarron to the

... All I can send is a brief military journal of the progress of this campaign. ...


[The correspondent in the next article was “N,” believed to be Professor Norton.]



A Trip to the Osage Indian Camp on the Arkansas.

A Plains Storm.—A Council and Treaty of Amity.—An Osage Funeral.

The Scalp Dance.—Etc., Etc.


The Commonwealth, April 1, 1874. 


ARKANSAS CITY, March 26, 1874.


From Our Regular Correspondent.


The recent delay in the confirmation of the Osage agent, and the discussion in regard to the habits of that tribe, call to mind events which came under my observation upon the plains one year ago.


I started, on the morning of the 26th of January, 1873, from the Apache village on the Cimarron

for the Osage camps upon the Salt Fork of the Arkansas


They traveled nearly ten days before they found any individual or group convenient to kill. They went down to the north fork of the Canadian, crossed the Chisholm trail, struck northwesterly across the Cimarron at the Red Hills, and finally camped in a little ravine near the “Eagle Chief” creek.


-----Original Message-----

From: geoWIZard [mailto:noreply-comment@blogger.com]

Sent: Saturday, December 02, 2006 9:49 AM






Mullis, Tony R.

Peacekeeping on the Plains: Army Operations in Bleeding Kansas.

Columbia: Univ. of Missouri, 2004. 273pp. $40.50



Tony Mullis, a serving officer in the U.S. Air Force, takes a close look at a

time when approximately 10 percent of the U.S. Army was intimately involved

in one of the most challenging and politically charged assignments ever given

to the U.S. military. Assigned occupation duties in a land where tribal loyalties

had been the primary form of government, Army officers, in cooperation

with diplomats appointed by the president, were tasked to assist a fledgling

democracy attain statehood while avoiding incipient civil war. The task

was complicated by the infusion of ideologically motivated outsiders, most

of them heavily armed. The two main local factions committed a variety of atrocities,

including the massacre  of innocent civilians. Elections, new to the area, were viewed

with open suspicion by most of the population. Local militias were often little more

than muscle for political leaders.

Many of the thornier underlying political issues had religious and economic overtones.

Several Army officers assigned to these duties were involved in scandals, and at least

one associated court-martial received national attention. Meanwhile, powerful

individuals in Washington disagreed, sometimes publicly, over tactics, strategy,

and policy in the affected region. To make matters worse, ingrained organizational barriers

and an inherent resistance to change prevented promising new technologies

from being used with maximum effectiveness.



Finally, while the Army may have portrayed its role as one of neutral

professionalism, both Democrats and Republicans were using the results of

the occupation as a key component of their respective strategies for the next

presidential election. The year was 1854, and the theater of operations was

the Kansas Territory.



Peacekeeping on the Plains clearly began life as a doctoral dissertation. In its introduction

Mullis lays out his basic premise. Debunking the perhaps popular

conception that the United States has but recently come to experience

peace operations, Mullis shows that the U.S. Army has been involved in missions

of this type since the first days of the Republic—though this historical involvement

has long been overlooked and underanalyzed. Mullis seeks to begin

correcting this omission by examining in some detail the 1855 punitive

expedition against the Lakota (of the Great Sioux Nation) as an example of

the Army’s efforts to keep peace in “Bleeding Kansas.” Chapter 1 gives an

overview of the U.S. Army’s involvement in peace operations, and chapter 2

provides background information on the issue of slavery and the creation of

the state of Kansas. Chapters 3 and 4 take a detailed look at the 1855 punitive

expedition led by General William S. Harney. Chapters 5 through 8 deal with

Army operations supporting civil actions in Kansas from 1854 to 1857.

A conclusion and epilogue complete the work.



As was often demonstrated during the 1990s, the line between peace enforcement

and war is often difficult to determine. This was no less true in 1855. The U.S. Army

used deadly force against the Lakota, took hostages, and committed various acts

that would, by the standards of today, be judged illegal. Yet, as Mullis points out,

these operations were carried out with a political objective in mind, and, in the main,

they were effective. Furthermore, Harney’s success did have a positive impact,

in that they influenced other tribes to remain peaceful. Such results would seem to

have contemporary parallels with peace operations conducted by the French in

the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the British in Sierra Leone, and the U.S.

Marines in Liberia.



The parallels between current operations in Iraq and those of the Army in

bleeding Kansas are even more strongly apparent. Faced with a unique and unwelcome

mission, the Army faced a steep learning curve. There were missed

opportunities and at least several instances of officers engaging in dubious

ethical behavior in order to take advantage of perceived business opportunities.

The initially appointed political leadership proved too vacillating and

incompetent to deal with the complex difficulties inherent in the situation.

Furthermore, the entire issue was a red-hot political football, which the

newly created Republican Party was using to excoriate the incumbent




Like those against the Lakota, the peace operations in Kansas were eventually

successful. Nationalizing factional militias, deploying federal forces to prevent

civil strife, and arresting infiltrating partisans all contributed to political stability

and a safe election environment. Yet, as Mullis points out, several facets

of policy either failed or were badly flawed. These included the failure to

utilize the telegraph to transmit information rapidly to and from the area of

operations. Mail was simply too slow to be operationally relevant—the telegraph

could have been a powerful tool in the hands of the administration.



Peacekeeping on the Plains helps fill a gap in the coverage of some of the formative

experiences of the U.S. Army. This is valuable in and of itself. However, the

more immediate contribution of the work is to identify lessons learned in the

mid-1800s that may be applicable in the early years of the twenty-first century.

However, as one would expect given the immense technological differences between

the eras, these lessons are rather general in nature. For example, it proved impossible to

craft orders so detailed as to cover every situation the occupying forces encountered.

Until local authorities began exercising authority they technically did

not possess, the result was a paralysis of action. In connection with the Lakota

reprisal, Mullis also makes a convincing argument for assigning older and presumably

more mature officers to positions that would in these operations,

under normal circumstances, go to younger officers.



Mullis’s work also shows that the central conundrum of peace operations

was as valid in the mid-nineteenth century as it is today. Enough troops with

the right leadership can impose a peace, and might even be able to enforce a

peace, but unless the root causes of conflict are resolved the peace has to be

pinned into place by bayonets and will not endure. The peace imposed on the

Lakota by the U.S. Army did not last long; it took a civil war and the destruction

of the Confederacy to deal with the root causes that led to bleeding Kansas.

As mentioned earlier, this work is clearly derived from a dissertation, and

for that reason, while it is intellectually stimulating, at times the writing is

somewhat ponderous, repetitive, and dry. Yet the contribution this work

makes to understanding both past and present eras of significance makes the

effort worthwhile.




Naval War College 


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New comment on Old Santa Fe Trail :: Cimarron Cutoff Eco-Futures....


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Posted by geoWIZard to Pathfinder Passports(cc) at 10:49 AM EASST 


  • Experience Old Santa Fe Trail via Kanza Territory Cimarron Cutoff (7421am)

... MAoP (Stewardship) Community of Practice (CoP)

@ http://www.oznet.ksu.edu/kelp/Leadership.htm ...



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... She says the intent of her column, “Back to the Center,” is to show ...


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Subject: Know You Watershed Impact Zones :: EcoTrekUSA GPSurvey ... Information Integrity Assurance (9306am)


As our dynamic Freedom's Frontier NHA Master Plan nears completion, we need to adopt practical data sharing standards that amplify our evolving Kanzana “Trails-n-Tales"(cc) blended visual learning model for effective interpretation and environmental education.   




I worked with our Minnesota Federal Executive Board led by Ray Morris (USNPS Superintendent-Ret) & Ron Wencel (USGS Water Science) during 2000-2004.

Our collaborative efforts led to adopting USGS National Map data exchange standards supported by National Geographic's outdoor recreation software!

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I. The 7th Annual Cache In Trash Out Events will be held on May 2nd and 3rd, 2009


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Comments (1)

Bob-RJ Burkhart said

at 11:42 am on Jul 8, 2010

For generations, Kansas school children have been taught that the literal
meaning of Kanza in English is "People of the South Wind," "Wind People," or
"South Wind People." However, it is uncertain that the word Kanza means
anything at all to the Kaws themselves, let alone possessing an equivalent
in English. Mahlon Stubbs, long a teacher, agent, and friend of the Kaws,
claimed the name of the tribe meant plum to the Kaws.
Source: http://www.kshs.org/places/kawmission/kansaorigins.htm

Print Two Cultures Kansa
Mahlon Stubbs, long a teacher, agent, and friend of the Kaws,
claimed the name of the tribe meant plum to the Kaws. Everyday Life Topics:
via http://www.kshs.org/places/kawmission/printtwocultureskansa.htm

Kanzana, 1854-1900 (Open Library)
Kanzana, 1854-1900. a selected bibliography of books, pamphlets, and
ephemera of Kansas by David Dary
Published in 1986, Allen Books, Jenkins & Reese, ...
@ http://openlibrary.org/b/OL2500122M

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